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Who Was Har Gobind Khorana? Google Doodle Honors Nobel Prize Winner

Who Was Har Gobind Khorana? Google Doodle Honors Nobel Prize Winner

Today on Google's home page is a special Google Doodle, logo, for the noble prize victor, Indian American biochemist who was the first to demonstrate the role of nucleotides in protein synthesis, Har Gobind Khorana.

The doodle, designed by Bengaluru-based illustrator Rohan Dahotre, has been featured by Google on Khorana's 96th birth anniversary. After being awarded with the Government of India Fellowship in 1945, Khorana went to England for a PhD degree at the University of Liverpool.

Early draft of Har Gobind Khorana's Doodle. Today's genetic engineering's achievement would be impossible without Khorana's work.

Khorana's first major breakthrough, for which he was awarded the Nobel, was for decoding the genetic alphabet and demystifying its role in protein synthesis. Together, their work showed how DNA's code leads to the construction of RNA, which in turn allowed the construction of proteins to carry out functions.

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He also won the National Medal of Science in the United States in 1966 and the Louisa Gross Horwitz Prize from the University of Columbia in 1968. Proteins are responsible for basic form and functions. Dr. Khorana died on November 9, 2011 at 89 years old.

In 1970, he became a Professor of Biology and Chemistry at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.Dr Khorana married a Swiss national, Esther Elizabeth Sibler, who he credited with giving him "a sense of goal when he felt out of place everywhere and at home nowhere".

Khorana's biggest contribution to the work was isolating codons, the three-letter sequences of RNA that are the blueprints for amino acids at the fundamental building block of life. Taught by his father to read and write, he rose up to become a Nobel Laureate and the first person to construct an artificial gene. He joined the faculty of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1970, where he would remain until his retirement in 2007. He worked under Professor Vladimir Prelog in Zurich for one year and continued his reserch. He, being a widower since 2001, was survived by his children, Julia and Davel.

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