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63 million women 'missing' across India

63 million women 'missing' across India

A lot of daughters are born during this process, too. As they grow up, they often receive than their brothers.

Compared to the global average of natural "sex ratio at birth" now at 1.05 (105 males for every 100 females) based on World Health Organisation figures, the sex ratio in India is heavily skewed in favor of males, with slight changes with each born child. The point to note here is that the preference for sons is not just a problem faced in the rural areas; it is very much an existing condition amongst the urban, wealthy and "modern" families.

The report urged the nation to confront its "societal preference for boys" but conceded that the phenomenon dated back thousands of years and may be irreversible.

While active sex selection via foetal abortions is widely prevalent in India, son preference can also manifest itself in a subtler form.

Cathal McNaughton / Reuters A young girl sells balloons by the Yamuna River on the last day of the Ganesh Chaturthi festival in Delhi, India, on September 15, 2016.

When the survey analysed this indicator by state, Meghalaya stood out because the sex ratio at birth and the SRLC were both close to the benchmark.

Comparing data from 1991 and 2011, the study also found that even as incomes rose across different states in India, the sex ratio declined.

According to the World Health Organisation, the natural "sex ratio at birth" is considered to be 1.05.

WRAPUP 1-HIGHLIGHTS-Tennis-Australian Open day 13
You stood by me every step of the way. "He said that he's really proud of me, of what I've done this tournament", Halep said. Halep also, against Kerber in Thursday's emi-final, was match point down and looked on her way home but pulled through.

How has the male-to-female ratio been skewed in India? The authors estimate these abortions, in conjunction with the country's, have led to a gender gap of about 63 million women, whom they classify as "missing".

Even India's status as an emerging economic superpower had had a mixed impact on gender equality, the survey found.

"In some sense, once born, the lives of women are improving but society still appears to want fewer of them to be born", said the survey.

Mukesh Gupta / Reuters A school girl gets her face painted in the colors of India's national flag before taking part in the country's Republic Day celebrations in Jammu on January 25, 2018.

Preference for boys leads to skewed gender ratio in India due to foeticide, disease, neglect, or inadequate nutrition.

Sending a young woman to her new husband with a dowry has been but many families still practice this custom.

They are looking at gender issues through three aspects - Agency (relates to women's ability to make decisions on reproduction, spending on themselves, spending on their households and their own mobility and health), Attitudes (relate to attitudes about violence against women/wives, and the ideal number of daughters preferred relative to the ideal number of sons) and Outcomes (relate to "son preference" measured by sex ratio of last child, female employment, choice of contraception, education level, age at marriage, age at first birth and physical or sexual violence experienced by women), according to a release on pib.nic.in.

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